Friday, August 2, 2013

SLATE: All Corporations Go to Heaven


A pharmacist works at a Safeway pharmacy in Great Falls, Va., in 2009.
The Supreme Court will need to decide soon whether corporations with
religious objections to providing coverage for birth control could be
 forced to do so under the health care law. 
Photo by Hyungwon Kang/Reuters
My comments are in red italics -AK

All Corporations Go to Heaven
The Supreme Court will soon decide if CEOs can impose their religious convictions on the people who work for them.
By Dahlia Lithwick
Posted Thursday, Aug. 1, 2013, at 2:32 PM

http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/jurisprudence/2013/08/do_corporations_have_religious_beliefs_the_supreme_court_will_need_to_decide.html?wpsrc=upworthy


Remember the big dustup last summer over the contraception mandate in President Obama’s health reform initiative? It required companies with more than 50 employees to provide insurance, including for contraception, as part of their employees’ healthcare plans. The constitutional question was whether employers with religious objections to providing coverage for birth control could be forced to do so under the new law. The Obama administration tweaked the rules a few times to try to accommodate religious employers, first exempting some religious institutions—churches and ministries were always exempt—and then allowing companies that self-insure to use a separate insurance plan to pay and provide for the contraception. Still, religious employers objected, and lawsuits were filed, all 60 of them.

A year later, the courts have begun to weigh in, and the answer has slowly begun to emerge: maybe yes, maybe no. It all depends on whether corporations—which already enjoy significant free-speech rights—can also invoke religious freedom rights enshrined in the First Amendment.

Last Friday, the 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the contraception mandate, rejecting a challenge from a Pennsylvania-based cabinetmaker who claimed that as a Mennonite he should not be compelled to provide contraceptive coverage to his 950 employees because the mandate violates the company’s rights under the free exercise clause of the First Amendment and the Religious Freedom Restoration Act. The owner considers some of the contraception methods at issue—specifically, the morning-after and week-after pills—abortifacients.

UPDATED: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA INC.
Registered in Delaware
as a Religious Non-profit Corporation


by American Kabuki
8/2/13 Note: minor corrections to law origins of Papal fealty in England -AK
8/4/13 struck out text that was not historically accurate, inserted text and link to an article that gives the in depth story of how England swore fealty to the Vatican. -AK

If you've been wondering how the Pope Francis recent Apostolic Letter regarding the Roman Curia law removing legal immunity and liability from governments, attorneys and judges, might affect governments around the world, then read on. I got many inquiries asking for how a Roman law can affect an ostensibly secular government.  And that's a far enough question...and I couldn't remember the exact reason in law why that was true, so I asked a friend who I knew would know.

I got this reply from a friend well versed in law and the history of the legal systems:
It pre-dates this but in looking to John the Noble (King John) before the Magna Carta, He was trying to break away from the Vatican back in the middle ages, I can get dates later.
Pope Innocent III in 1216 stuck King John's balls to the fire with the king's nobles by threatening to excommunicate him and all of England if he did not pledge fealty to the Papal SEE (along with money and land).
The nobles threatened to wage war to dethrone him. He caved. Hence the Papal SEE took over the title to the land of England and its wealth. The Magna Carta came about as a result of John's reign pissing off the nobles with the contention with Pope Innocent III in 1216.  John's judicial reforms had a lasting impact on the English common law system.

In fundamentals of law class I learned that Roman Law is a foundation of modern law (not Natural Law -  2 different entities). Later on Church law became the overseer of that existing law. Papal Bulls took over around 1455 which is much like the current Executive Orders each succeeding tyrant signs to circumvent the constitutional; based law here.
AK: For the complete story (with accurate dates) of how England swore fealty to Rome see: http://americankabuki.blogspot.com/2013/08/removing-shackles-beginning-of-lie-oh-my.html 
LATE UPDATE: 8/2/2013 3:37 PM I got this URL from Lisa Harrison to an article that goes into the importance of Pope Francis Apostolic Letter to law:  http://blog.ucadia.com/2013/07/motu-proprio-of-francis-and-why-by-rule.html Its well worth a read!

LATER UPDATE 8/2/2013 4:44 PM I got another URL from Lisa Harrison, this one is a video that gives a good deal of background history on the Vatican bank (IOR) and how the Vatican came to control vast tracks of land.  http://www.presstv.com/Program/313317.html

I knew the deed for Washington DC was held at a Catholic Diocese (read thread found HERE):
....from the D&B sponsored Mantra Corp website, linked below:
If you click on the “Government of the United States HQ” link, you’ll see another website page with some fairly detailed—and possibly bewildering—information. For example, you’ll see that this “Government of the United States” has its address at:

“The U.S. Capitol

“Washington, DC 20515-0001”

Its phone number is “(202) 224-3121”. Business Hours are “24/7”.

You can click the “map” link and see a graphic indicating that this “Government” is located on “Capitol Hill” (same place as Congress) in Washington DC.

None of that seems particularly surprising (other than the idea that our “Government” might be a “company” and/or a conglomerate of “companies”). But the Manta.com report does begin to seem a little strange under the heading “About Government Of The United States” where we read:

“government, owner Archbishop Deric R. McCloud of Basilica Shrine, Michigan and 4th NE Street, Washington,DC”. 
I wasn't aware the purported "government" was registered as religious non-profit corporation in Delaware. This was sent to me today... given the above it's really not surprising I suppose....but here it is in black and white!

  USA INC Corp Registration in Delware
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